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Tentang Prototipe

prototipe/pro·to·ti·pe/ n model yang mula-mula (model asli) yang menjadi contoh; contoh baku; contoh khas: ia merupakan ~ manusia demokrat

prototype definition:
1. one of the first units manufactured of a product, which is tested so that the design can be changed if necessary before the product is manufactured commercially
2. a person or thing that serves as an example of a type
3. (biology) the ancestral or primitive form of a species or other group; an archetype

A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from. It is a term used in a variety of contexts, including semantics, design, electronics, and software programming. A prototype is designed to test and try a new design to enhance precision by system analysts and users. Prototyping serves to provide specifications for a real, working system rather than a theoretical one. In some workflow models, creating a prototype (a process sometimes called materialization) is the step between the formalization and the evaluation of an idea.

Definisi Prototipe: Bentuk fisik pertama dari satu objek yang direncanakan dibuat dalam satu proses produksi, mewakili bentuk dan dimensi dari objek yang diwakilinya dan digunakan untuk objek penelitian dan pengembangan lebih lanjut.
Kriteria dari prototipe :
– Bentuk awal dari objek yang akan diproduksi dalam jumlah banyak;
– Prototipe dibuat berdasarkan pesanan untuk tujuan komersialisasi;
– Belum pernah dibuat sebelumnya;
– Merupakan hasil penelitian dan pengembangan dari objek atau sistem yang direncanakan akan dibuat;
– Mudah dipahami dan dianalisis untuk pengembangan lebih lanjut.

“prototypes” and “models” are often linguistically used interchangeably. It is helpful to consider prototypes in terms of categories surrounding their function:
Proof of Principle Prototype
This particular prototype serves to test the design without providing an exact visual match. Mechanical testing, product architecture, and materials may all effectively be tested using a proof of principle prototype. Generally, they are intended to provide the manufacturer with feedback regarding design, particularly which designs are not feasible and how they can be improved upon.
Form Study Prototype
Not intended to withstand the wear and tear a component may in fact be destined for, a form study prototype is intended to provide feedback regarding the look and overall feel of the product. They are often either hand made or machine generated using inexpensive material and do not necessarily represent the exact detailed finish of the final product. Because they are not intended for actual use, they are used to make decisions regarding the general look.
Visual Prototype
A visual prototype resembles the actual product in look, feel, material, and dimensions. Like a form study prototype it is not intended for actual use, but does highly visually correlate to the final component. This kind of prototype is often used in marketing, sales pitches, photo-shoots, and packaging mock-ups. Product reviews can also be conducted using a visual prototype.
Functional Prototype
Unlike a visual and a form study prototype, a functional prototype bears the highest resemblance to the actual component insomuch as it can be used to test the actual function of the component. Although they are often made at a reduced scale to save money on materials, a final true-to-scale prototype should be made and checked for design flaws before ordering a product run of the component.

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